Europe has a hard time regulating gambling. Law and practice often diverge. The fight against gambling addiction is also difficult. So the question is how to regulate gambling on the Internet?. This is not only asked in the United Kingdom but also abroad. The challenge is the same everywhere. As the Internet spreads, more and more players are trying their luck online. Regardless of whether these games are legal in the country in question.
Gambling is a huge business in the UK. A total of 106,000 employees in more than 9,000 betting offices.146 casinos and around 2,000 online platforms. Generated revenues of £14.2 billion in the past calendar year. The online business is growing steadily. According to CA estimates, nine million Britons are gambling online. The current 340 Internet providers already account for a share of 34 percent of the industry. In the UK the UK Gambling Commission regulate online casinos. Regardless of where the operators are based worldwide. Apply for a license from the Authority. In return, they have to commit to the national gambling strategy. This provides for prohibitions for young people. And aids for so-called problem players. The aid organisation Be Gamble Aware. Gets its funds from annual donations of 8.2 million Great British Pounds.
Recently, an online platform was fined £618,000000. The company had not dealt with gamblers correctly. And distributed misleading advertisements.
Network ban on foreign online casino operators is not mentioned on the island. Also, the black market is negligible, given the liberal licensing. According to experts on the matter. But, at the moment, there is currently a dispute over slot machines with fixed odds. Against the large resistance from the industry. A parliamentary majority. Want to enforce that the maximum rate should reduce from 100 GBP to 2 GBP.
Around 60 million people live in Italy. And 17 million of them have tried gambling at least once in the last year. That’s more than one in four, a total of around 100 billion euros were set and 19 billion of them lost. That’s the European record. Illegal bets on foreign portals or mafia gambling are not included in these figures.
Gambling has become a big epidemic in Italy during the economic crisis. The number of gambling addicts has quadrupled to 400,000, in recent years. In the light of this development, the state felt compelled to include. The treatment of gambling addiction in the free basic treatments of the National Health Service in 2017.
High growth rates recorded by the online games played. The stakes almost tripled between 2013 and 2016. Young Italians especially try their luck on the mobile phone or on the computer. Forty percent of 18 to 25-year-old Italians. Have stated in a survey that they have already spent money on the Internet. The operators of gambling portals need a license from the state monopoly. And should be Italian, but the controls are lax.
Again and again, there are political attempts to direct the playfulness. Of the Italians in an orderly manner. Last year, for example, a bill passed. To reduce the number of 400,000 slot machines spread throughout the country to 265,000. But the implementation of regulations is slow coming.
France approved online gambling in 2010 albeit to a limited extent. The only three types allowed are horse betting, poker, and sports betting. The State Surveillance Authority. Has currently granted fifteen providers a license to operate online platforms. Among them is PMU, the leading horse betting provider in Europe. As well as state lottery operator La Française des Jeux. Also, there are many private companies such as Betclic, Betur or Bes-SAS.
All in all, France grants online gambling with caution and also uses network bans. Online casinos are completely prohibited. Many French, yet, differ on foreign suppliers. These usually have a license from another European country. But in France, they are clearly aimed at the big French market. A risk of punishment by the French authorities, these players do not go. But they can lose the profits.
The current debate in France revolves around. The related issue of how the state can best prevent abuses and addictions. The authorities come to the conclusion that a tough attitude. Drives many players into the arms of obscure providers of Asian origin. Many experts say it’s better to let them play on legal and controllable websites.
Denmark is an example of an open market for online gaming. As the only Scandinavian country, it has no national restrictions. Since 2012, foreign websites are also allowed to offer bingo, roulette, poker, backgammon. And the popular online slot machines. The latter account for more than 60 percent of the business. At the moment there are 28 online casinos. In 2017 they achieved a gross gaming revenue of £227,644,500.00. One-fifth of the total gambling industry including lotteries.
Online providers have doubled their revenues since 2012. In contrast, traditional casinos have not grown at all. The approval of foreign companies is worthwhile for the state, they also have to pay a tax rate of 20 percent.
All providers need a license from the Danish Gaming Authority. Businesses must be sound financially and also have a secure system. To which the gaming authority receives online access to control. Players must register, this is also for their protection. Danish gambling addicts can register themselves in a database. And are then excluded from all money games. The number of entries has doubled since 2015 to almost 13,000.
The big market is effective in displacing illegal providers, according to the authorities. The gaming authority is always active. Looking for such and can pronounce network bans. There are currently around 40 gaming websites blocked in Denmark.
Austria wants to tighten the gambling law for a long time. Yet, the industry is facing strong resistance. Actually, the state has a monopoly on games of chance of all kinds. The license owned by the state-owned Casino Austria AG. Which also operates lottery and internet games. Has a result a hard-to-control black market has become widespread. An automatic mafia with violent opposition to the authorities. And the police is always talked about. The number of raids on gambling dens has almost doubled over the last two years.
The illegal online offer has exploded in the last decade. According to the supervisory authority. Around 2,000 online providers are currently active in Austria. Network blocking for foreign providers is difficult to put in place. Because nested constructs often disguise ownership. The market foreclosure is currently only limited possible. Most online providers have an EU license. But in the future should no longer apply automatically for Austria. For the growing number of gambling addicts. There is the establishment of the player search help. In 2017, 107,000 people had help, twice as many as in 2016. 70 percent said they have gambled their money in online games. At the twelve casinos in Austria currently. About 60,000 over-indebted persons are being blocked.
In Germany, online games are currently prohibited. The Federal Administrative Court confirmed this in April 2018. These include casino games such as. Slot machines, roulette, blackjack or poker as well as scratch cards. Sports betting and lotteries offered by licensed providers via the Internet are not prohibited. A large part of the revenue flows into charitable causes.
Anyone who wants to offer sports betting and lotteries online needs a state license. Intended to combat the black market. But, Ulrich Palm, a law professor from the University of Hohenheim. Has observed that even the actually forbidden online gambling is flourishing. Gambling often offered by providers from other European countries. Such as Malta or Gibraltar. These rely on their licenses valid there. But providers of illegal gambling. Are punishable by penalties of up to two years imprisonment, according to the German Criminal Code. The persecution of illegal gambling providers. Germany is rather slack, complains Ulrich Palm. “It’s a big flaw that the law does not enforce,” he says. This is also related to that the punishment for illegal gambling offers in Germany is a matter of each country. Experts are now working to set up a national agency. To track illegal gambling in a coordinated manner.